|Surat Al 'Ashr: 1-3|
For the sake of time, the real man is really in a state of loss, except those who believe, do good deeds, advising one another in righteousness, and edify each other in patience (Al 'Ashr: 1-3)
Kamis, 23 Juni 2011
Badranaya or Lurah Kyai Semar is the name of the main character in the puppet punakawan Javanese and Sundanese. This figure is reported as a nanny as well as adviser to the knights in staging the stories of the Mahabharata and the Ramayana. Of course the name of Semar is not found in the original manuscript is the Sanskrit epic, because this character is an original creation Javanese poet.
There are several versions about the birth of Semar. But all these figures refer to as the reincarnation of the God.
In the script narrated Serat Kanda, ruler of heaven named Sanghyang Nurrasa has two sons. Because Sanghyang Tunggal ugly, it also inherited the throne of heaven to Sanghyang Wenang. From Sanghyang Wenang then bequeathed to his son named Batara Guru. Sanghyang Tunggal became caretakers of the descendants of Batara Guru knights, with the name of Semar.
In the script Paramayoga narrated, Sanghyang Tunggal was the son of Sanghyang Wenang. Sanghyang Tunggal married with Dewi Rakti, a daughter of king crab the genie named Sanghyang Yuyut. From the marriage was born a tangible mustika egg which later became the two men. Both were each given a name Ismaya for blacks, and Manikmaya for the white. Ismaya feel inferior, making Sanghyang Tunggal less pleased. Celestial throne was inherited by Manikmaya, which was then titled Batara Guru. Meanwhile Ismaya only given the position as ruler of nature Sunyaruri, or residential group spirits. Ismaya eldest son named Batara Wungkuham have a round-bodied boy named Janggan Smarasanta, or abbreviated Semar. He became a descendant of Batara Guru nanny named Resi Manumanasa and continue until the children and grandchildren. In special circumstances, Ismaya can permeate Semar, Semar became a figure so dreaded, even by the gods though. So according to this version, Semar is the grandson of Ismaya.
In the script narrated Purwakanda, Sanghyang Tunggal had four sons named Batara Puguh, Batara Punggung, Batara Manan, and Batara Samba. One day news came that the throne of heaven will be passed on to Samba. This makes his three brothers jealous. Samba was kidnapped and tortured about to be killed. But such actions are known by their father. Sanghyang Tunggal have condemned his three sons became ugly. Puguh renamed Togog while Punggung renamed Semar. Both were relegated to the world as a governess Samba descent, which was then titled Batara Guru. Meanwhile Manan was pardoned because he just went along with it. Manan then titled Batara Narada and was appointed as an adviser for Batara Guru.
In the script narrated Purwacarita, Sanghyang Tunggal was married to Rekatawati daughter of Sanghyang Rekatatama. From the marriage was born a luminous egg. Sanghyang Tunggal slammed the egg so that it broke into three parts, namely the shell, white, and egg yolks. All three are each transformed into a male. Derived from the shells named Antaga, derived from egg whites named Ismaya, whereas that of yellow named Manikmaya. One day Antaga and Ismaya disagree because each wants to be the heir to the throne of heaven. Both also held a contest to swallow the mountain. Antaga trying to gobble up the mountain with one swallow, but it crashed. His mouth was torn and his eyes widened. Ismaya using other means, namely by eating the mountain bit by bit. Several days after passing all parts of the mountain had moved into the body Ismaya, but it did not work out. As a result since then Ismaya any round bodied. Sanghyang Tunggal so angry knowing the ambition his two sons. They were sentenced to be caretakers Manikmaya descent, who later was appointed as king of heaven, titled Batara Guru. Ismaya Antaga and took to the world. Each wore a name Togog and Semar. (translation of wikipedia http://id.wikipedia.org).
That said, before the Pandavas and Kauravas were born, the war is already set to happen. In addition, Padang Kurusetra as a battleground by puppet not located in India, but in Java. In other words, the story of the Mahabharata is traditionally considered to occur on the island of Java, Java, Indonesia.
Seeds dispute between the Pandavas and the Kauravas began their parents are still young alike. Pandu, the father of the Pandavas one day bring home three daughters from three countries, named Kunti, Gendari, and Madrim. One of them offered to Dhritarashtra, the blind sister. Dhritarashtra decides to choose Gendari, thus making the princess of the Kingdom Plasajenar it offended and hurt. He also vowed his descendants would later become enemies of the sons of Pandu.
Gendari and his brother, named Sengkuni, educate his children, amounting to a hundred people to always hostile to the sons of Pandu. When Pandu died, children increasingly suffer. their lives are always targeted by their cousin, namely the Kauravas. These stories are not much different from the next version of the Mahabharata, the Pandavas, among others, attempted murder in the burning palace, until the seizure of the Kingdom of Amarta through the game of dice.
As a result of defeat in such gambling, the Pandavas had to undergo the punishment of exile in the Forest Kamiyaka for 12 years, coupled with a year posing as the commoners in the kingdom of Virata. But after the penalty expired, the Kauravas refused to return the rights of the Pandavas. The decision is what makes war Baratayuda inevitable . (translation of wikipedia http://id.wikipedia.org).
Tsunami (Japanese: 津 波; tsu = port, nami = wave, literally means "big waves in the harbor") is the displacement of water bodies caused by changes in sea surface vertically and suddenly. Changes in sea level could be caused by an earthquake centered under the sea, underwater volcanic eruptions, underwater landslides, or a meteor or lacing at sea. Tsunami waves can propagate in any direction. Power contained in the tsunami wave height is fixed to the function of altitude and speed. In the deep ocean, tsunami waves can propagate with the speed of 500-1000 km per hour. Equivalent to the speed of the aircraft. Wave height in the deep ocean is only about 1 meter. Thus, the rate of the waves are not felt by the ship was at sea. When approaching the coast, the tsunami wave velocity decreases to about 30 miles per hour, but its height has been increased to tens of meters. Tsunami waves hit could go up to tens of kilometers of shoreline. Damage and casualties due to tsunami can be caused due to hit the water and material carried by the flow of tsunami waves.
Negative impact caused by tsunamis are damaging anything in its path. Buildings, vegetation, and result in human casualties and causing inundation, salt water contamination of agricultural land, soil, and clean water. (translation of wikipedia http://id.wikipedia.org).